Sights of Jerusalem

This city is beautiful. The residents of Israel are sure that it gathers the beauty of the world. Coming here will not have long to ponder what to see in Jerusalem.

Facts About Jerusalem

Country
Israel
Currency
Israeli new shekel (₪‎) (ILS)
Language
Hebrew, Arabic
Population
City: 890,428 | Metro: 1,029,300 (2013)
Timezone
UTC+2 | Summer: UTC+3

Map of Jerusalem Attractions

Top 13 Sights in Jerusalem

Old City

Jerusalem is a beautiful and mysterious city with has a rich and interesting history. It has a lot of beautiful places and unique attractions. The heart of Israel`s capital can be called the Old Town. If you climb the Mount of Olives, you can see all its greatness and power, which are formed by the amazing ensemble of mighty fortress walls with eight gates and 34 towers. There are also many grand mosques, domes of temples and magnificent synagogues.

But such a grandiose and threatening appearance is just a first impression. When going down into the city, there is a feeling that you get in some other world, filled with holiness, mystery and unbreakable faith in a miracle. The cozy narrow cobbled streets, elegant Roman columns and walls with many strict arches create a special atmosphere and the feeling that it is an illusion.

Only in the Old Town you can touch the incredible, mysterious and sacred history. It is on these streets that the Christ was delivered to his death place. It is here where a grand Temple of Jerusalem erected. It is from here that Muhammad ascended to heaven. Visiting the Old Town is always a memorable and lasting impression, even if it is not the first visit here.

Western Wall (Wailing Wall)

The Western Wall is the main shrine of the Jews in Jerusalem. It was built around 37 BC by the King Herod around the Temple Mount for the purpose of defense. After the defeat of the Second Temple in 70 BC, only a small area left from the Western Wall, which soon became a place of mourning for the Jewish people for destroyed shrine. Nowadays, the Western Wall reaches a height of 19 meters and has a length of 57 meters. An interesting fact is that the wall is built of smooth cut stones, which were stacked without any fastening solution.

From the time when the Western Wall was just a heap of ruins there was a kind of sanctity in the eyes of the Jewish people. This place for Jews represents the past, present and bright future, and represents the hope of the people in the fulfillment of desires. The Jewish people come to this sacred place not only to pray and turn to God, but also to leave a note with the most cherished dream in a cleft stones. The Jews believe that a wish note left here will always come true.

By the way, absolutely anyone is allowed to come to the great Western Wall. It depends neither of faith or nation. The only request to the visitors: covered head and clothing that hides the entire body.

Israel Museum

The Israel Museum, which is located in Jerusalem, was established in 1965. Since that time, it has been the most important and valuable museum of all Israel and the Jewish people. Only here you can clearly know how versatile and rich the Jewish history and artistic culture is, as well as to see its close relationship with the art of different countries and peoples of the world. In general, more than 500 thousand different works of art, ethnography, archeology, and Judaic showpieces are represented for visitors at the Israel Museum.

According to the exhibits in C. Bronfman Archaeological Section you can see the gradual development and change of crops on the land of Israel from the time of Canaan era and ending the period of the Crusades. Bezalel Art Gallery presents a huge collection of works of Israel craftsmen and artists, which were donated to the museum by private individuals during the Second World War. In particular, there is an exhibition of vintage prints. In addition to the works of art of the Israeli people, the Museum has a rich collection of objects of cultural heritage not only of the Jewish origin, but also from the United States, Europe, the Far East and other countries.

While in Jerusalem, do not miss the opportunity to visit this wonderful museum. After all, only here you can see the largest collection of unique archaeological findings of the Holy Land with your own eyes.

Temple Mount and the Dome of the Rock

The Temple Mount is both a cult and a significant place for the entire Jewish people. It is at this point, as stated in one of the legends, Abraham was going to sacrifice his son Isaac. During the reign of King David the sanctuary with an Ark in the form of a temple was created in this mountain. It should also be noted that in the fortress of the First Temple, which once upon a time was located here, the trial of Christ took place. It is from here that the Great Way of the Cross started.

400 years later the temple was destroyed. Two grand mosques were erected instead. One of them was very revered in the Islamic nation – the Al-Aqsa Mosque, and the second one is ambitious and significant the Dome of the Rock. There is also a complex consisting of three mosques located near the Temple Mount.

The most striking construction on the Temple Mount is the Dome of the Rock. This is a peculiar business card of Jerusalem, which attracts tourists from all over the world, despite the fact that this mosque stopped accepting people long ago. Its grand golden domes with a diameter of up to 20 meters can be seen from anywhere in Jerusalem. A legend states that it was the rock on which the mosque stood that was the real center of the Universe.

Mount of Olives

Jerusalem is a holy city, which has a very rich and ancient history. There are many important and iconic places that are worthwhile seeing, being in Israel. One of the most notable attractions of this city is the Mount of Olives. According to old legends it will be a place where both the Last Judgment and the resurrection of the dead will occur. Is a legend right or not? It is a disputable question. But the fact that this mountain offers beautiful scenery and an unrivaled panorama of ancient Jerusalem – that's for sure. The picturesque views of the Holy City always cause incredible admiration and real emotional lift. In fact, the Mount of Olives is the highest hill in Jerusalem, which has received its name due to the olive groves growing on it.

There are many holy places on the Mount of Olives. They all have become the objects of worship for the large number of pilgrims from all over the world. You can visit the cave where the prophets Zechariah, Haggai and Malachi are buried. You can also visit the beautiful Garden of Gethsemane, the unique Monastery of Mary Magdalene and kneel before the tomb of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

The Mount of Olives is a terrific place where you can both touch the holy places, and enjoy the incredible beauty of nature and the city.

Mahane Yehuda

Mahane Yehuda Market is one of the oldest bazaars of Jerusalem. The time of its foundation dates back to 1887. It is a stunning place that excites with its incredibly rich bouquet of aromas, blinding bright colors and spectacular multifaceted noisy crowd. In general, it's a real traditional oriental market with all its charms. If you do not visit this place, you will never know a complete picture of the real life of this ancient city. Mahane Yehuda Market is so unique and colorful that it can fully tell you about the country, the city, and the people.

Even the most powerful fantasy cannot imagine the full variety of this market. Here you will find everything as at any Eastern market: dried fruits, hundreds of different varieties of cheese, delicious pastries, exotic fruits and oriental spices. It is worth noting that the prices here are much lower than in any Jerusalem store. Moreover, there is a colorful variety of restaurants where you can taste the delicious oriental dishes at Mahane Yehuda Market.  

This market is almost always crowded. Locals buy products here, and tourists come here from all over the world to feel the incredible atmosphere of bazaar.

Yad Vashem

Photo: Herculeus

Yad Vashem memorial complex is a sad reminder of the terrible tragedy of mankind – the Holocaust. National Monument was established in 1953 with the purpose of perpetuating the memory of the victims of the Nazi extermination of Jews in 1933-1945. It also reminds the people who suffered and paid with their lives in the struggle against fascism. The memorial complex consists of Holocaust Teacher Resource Center, archive, Center for publications and research, library, Department of Righteous Among the Nations, a variety of museums, viewing which will show you the true horror of the events.

Among the required places to visit the exposure of the Historical Museum can be distinguished. It tells the story of the terrible destruction of the Jews throughout the world. The Museum of Art presents various works, illustrating the horrors of the Holocaust.

The Hall of Remembrance is particularly worthwhile remembering. It is a rectangular building that looks like a huge concrete tent. The name of 22 of the largest Nazi concentration camps, places of mass executions and death camps, are carved immortalized on its floor. There is an eternal fire in the center of the room, around which there are vessels with ashes of victims brought from various death camps.

Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Photo: VnGrijl

The Church of the Holy Sepulcher is a terrific place where a long history of Jerusalem is stored. This church was built on the spot where, as stated in some traditions, Jesus Christ was crucified, buried and resurrected. For many thousands of years this temple appeared in various guises, until it acquired a modern look. The very first shrine on the site was built in 335. Subsequently, it was destroyed several times, suffered from fires and again restored. The last variant, which still exists today, was built in 1810.

The Church of the Holy Sepulcher is a universal sacred place, shared by six denominations of the Christian church: Catholic, Armenian, Syrian, Greek Orthodox, Coptic and Ethiopian. There is quite a funny fact that the keys of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre are kept at two Muslim families because of the constant conflicts among Christian churches. There are also several fully functioning monasteries with ancillary facilities, various galleries and minor buildings. They are located on the territory of the church.

While in Jerusalem, do not miss this unique opportunity to visit the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, where you can see the stone of Unction, where Jesus lay, with your own eyes, as well as the very tomb of Christ and the Chapel. They were established in honor of Queen Elena, who found the cross on which the Son of God was crucified.

City of David and Hezekiah's Tunnel

Photo: Matt Long

One legend says that a total of ten measures of beauty are released around the world. Nine of them are given to Jerusalem, but only one to the rest of the world. This religious observance has a certain truth. This holy city is really extraordinarily beautiful. The City of David can be called a real Perl of Jerusalem. It is located on a small hill. It is the oldest part of the capital of Israel. The city was built on terraces surrounded by reinforcing and strong walls as wide as 2.5 meters. Once upon a time there was a majestic fortress with several towers. Nowadays only ruins left by which one can only guess about the former glory and greatness of the city.

On the territory of the City of David there is a unique Gihon Spring and Siloam Pool, which was of great importance for the whole of Jerusalem. The Gihon Spring is the only source of water of the city.

The main feature of this place is an underground Hezekiah's Tunnel height of 1.8 meters and a length of 533 meters. This tunnel connected the Gihon and Siloam Pool. That is why it was so valuable for the City of David.

Now many archaeological excavations take place on the territory of the City of David every year. Their unique results will soon give the world much information about this great and glorious city.

Garden Tomb

Photo: Cybjorg

Garden Tomb is probably the most unusual temple around Jerusalem. This is an amazing monastery, which is under the open sky. There is an interesting fact that even the Protestants consider this location of this shrine to be the place of the crucifixion and burial of Christ. Such a declaration may appear from the form of a skull-like mountain like, and the discovery of the tomb on the hill, carved into the rock.

Archaeological excavations revealed that the tomb was located in the middle of a beautiful garden surrounded by agricultural terraces. A winery and olive press reservoir were also researched here. All these valuable findings only strengthen the assumption in favor of the theory about the location of the place of Christ burial.

You cannot but visit this Garden Tomb in Jerusalem. Everyone should see it. This is an amazing place that has an ancient history and keeps a lot of secrets. In addition, the Garden Tomb is located in really a cozy, well-kept and beautiful garden, where locals and tourists from around the world like to come.

Tower of David Museum

The Tower of David is surrounded by the ruins left by the city, which David built. This castle is one of the most recognizable and popular attractions of the Israeli capital. The Tower of David was built in the second century BC. However, for the time of its existence it was destroyed for many times and rebuilt again. Only one base of the three main towers of the great fort managed to survive to present days. There is a stunning museum with a rich and valuable collection on the territory of the Tower of David.

While in Jerusalem, everybody should visit this attraction. There are many interesting and informative things in the Tower of David. For example, the Tower of David Museum constantly proposes all its guests many entertaining exhibition and tells the amazing story of Jerusalem. Each exhibition is dedicated to a specific time period.

Among the various collections, you can see the unique archaeological findings, maps, and various works of art, photos and layouts. You can also enjoy the unique three thousand years ruins in the courtyard of the museum. All of them are of great archaeological value.

Via Dolorosa

Photo: *Mariposa*

Via Dolorosa is a street within the Old City of Jerusalem, held to be the path that Jesus walked, carrying his cross, on the way to his crucifixion - the Calvary. Throughout the march different events took place that stopped Christ. At each stop a chapel or church was built. Nowadays, there are 14 stops on the Way of the Cross of Jesus. They are called the Stations of the Cross. There are nine Stations of the Cross that are mentioned in the Gospel. There have been 14 stations since the late 16th century. But the main fact is not in the amount of stations, but in the very essence of all that happened here many thousands of years ago. Pilgrims from all over the world come to Jerusalem to walk the road of grief and feel the incredible feeling that can be experienced only here. They also want to imagine even a small part of what Jesus Christ had to experience and suffer.

Thus, there are fourteen canonized stations on the Way of the Cross. The first station symbolizes the place where Pontius Pilate condemned Jesus to death. The second one is the Chapel of the Flagellation. The third station is dedicated to the first fall of Christ. On the fourth station Jesus met his mother. The fifth station symbolizes a place where Simon of Cyrene helped Jesus to carry the cross. The sixth station is devoted to Veronica, who wiped the face of Jesus. The seventh station signifies the second fall of the Son of God. The eighth station is the place where Jesus delivered his speech. On the ninth station Jesus fell for the third time. On the tenth station Jesus was stripped of his clothes. On the eleventh station Christ was nailed to the cross. On the twelfth station Jesus died on the cross. The 13th stop symbolizes the fact when Christ was taken down from the cross. The last station of the sorrowful way is when Christ was laid in the tomb.

The Dead Sea and Masada

We should admit that this is not the sea, but the lake, consisting of basins, whose total length is 72 km and the width is 14 km. This sea is called "Dead", but in fact it is not. Of course, fish and other animals cannot live in the Dead Sea. Yet it is filled with a variety of salt-loving bacteria. The salt concentration in the Dead Sea reaches 35%. This fact attracts so much attention to it. This lake is not comfortable for swimming, but rather for sitting in it and enjoying the surrounding salty air.  

An incredibly beautiful beach gives a special charm to the Dead Sea. There are graceful rocks, majestic mountains, which are especially beautiful at sunset, unique and stunning pillar of salt. All this creates an amazing picturesque scene.

Masada fortress is worthwhile paying a particular attention. It is located on a huge rock. It proudly and majestically hangs over the Dead Sea. This citadel was built in 142 BC, surrounded by steep and dangerous cliffs. This place is more remarkable by the fact that during excavations the ruins of houses, defensive walls, various palaces, including the Herod`s Palace, called the palace of pleasure, were discovered here.

About Jerusalem

Jerusalem is the capital of the state of Israel, the oldest city between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea (according to archaeological discoveries, people began settling here almost 6000 years ago). In Jerusalem there are permanent residents of about 830 thousand citizens (most - Jews, about a third - the Arabs).

Where to go, what to see in Jerusalem?

We must begin with the historical center (Old Town), because there is a large part of the architectural monuments, museums, memorials and sacred places.

The first is to go up to the Temple Mount, where once Abraham out of love for the Lord was about to sacrifice his son, and later held the trial of Christ. Today, there are two iconic religious buildings, Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock. From the Temple Mount Via Dolorosa starts. It is Way of Sorrow, the way to Calvary. This route can pass anyone trying to understand the flour Savior.

Choosing what to see in Jerusalem, we cannot ignore Pancake Mountain. It is the highest point of the city, from which you can see all the sights. In addition, it is here, according to tradition, the Last Judgment Day will take place. Believers may kneel before the tomb of the Virgin Mary and visit the cave where the prophets are buried.

It is impossible not to visit the Holy Sepulchre. In fact, according to representatives of different faiths, the mortal remains of Christ lie here. However, Protestants believe that Christ is the resting place of the Garden Tomb, that's called the Temple of Jerusalem in one of the monasteries.

What you can see in Jerusalem after the bow to the shrine has brought? Of course, they are historical monuments. This is the city of David, built on stone terraces, which still adorns the dilapidated Citadel. Now it has a rich collection of antiquities. History buffs will delight Israel Museum, where you can explore art and culture of the Jewish people.

The greatest tragedy of the country is the Holocaust. The memory complex Yad Vashem is dedicated to the Holocaust. It consists of a group of museums, exhibition centers and memorials. You should finish your walk along the old town at the Wailing Wall. It was once erected by King Herod. The Wall embodies the link between the past and the present, but also has the ability to fulfill any desire.