The Israel Museum, which is located in Jerusalem, was established in 1965. Since that time, it has been the most important and valuable museum of all Israel and the Jewish people. Only here you can clearly know how versatile and rich the Jewish history and artistic culture is, as well as to see its close relationship with the art of different countries and peoples of the world. In general, more than 500 thousand different works of art, ethnography, archeology, and Judaic showpieces are represented for visitors at the Israel Museum.
According to the exhibits in C. Bronfman Archaeological Section you can see the gradual development and change of crops on the land of Israel from the time of Canaan era and ending the period of the Crusades. Bezalel Art Gallery presents a huge collection of works of Israel craftsmen and artists, which were donated to the museum by private individuals during the Second World War. In particular, there is an exhibition of vintage prints. In addition to the works of art of the Israeli people, the Museum has a rich collection of objects of cultural heritage not only of the Jewish origin, but also from the United States, Europe, the Far East and other countries.
While in Jerusalem, do not miss the opportunity to visit this wonderful museum. After all, only here you can see the largest collection of unique archaeological findings of the Holy Land with your own eyes.
Yad Vashem memorial complex is a sad reminder of the terrible tragedy of mankind – the Holocaust. National Monument was established in 1953 with the purpose of perpetuating the memory of the victims of the Nazi extermination of Jews in 1933-1945. It also reminds the people who suffered and paid with their lives in the struggle against fascism. The memorial complex consists of Holocaust Teacher Resource Center, archive, Center for publications and research, library, Department of Righteous Among the Nations, a variety of museums, viewing which will show you the true horror of the events.
Among the required places to visit the exposure of the Historical Museum can be distinguished. It tells the story of the terrible destruction of the Jews throughout the world. The Museum of Art presents various works, illustrating the horrors of the Holocaust.
The Hall of Remembrance is particularly worthwhile remembering. It is a rectangular building that looks like a huge concrete tent. The name of 22 of the largest Nazi concentration camps, places of mass executions and death camps, are carved immortalized on its floor. There is an eternal fire in the center of the room, around which there are vessels with ashes of victims brought from various death camps.
Church of the Holy Sepulchre
The Church of the Holy Sepulcher is a terrific place where a long history of Jerusalem is stored. This church was built on the spot where, as stated in some traditions, Jesus Christ was crucified, buried and resurrected. For many thousands of years this temple appeared in various guises, until it acquired a modern look. The very first shrine on the site was built in 335. Subsequently, it was destroyed several times, suffered from fires and again restored. The last variant, which still exists today, was built in 1810.
The Church of the Holy Sepulcher is a universal sacred place, shared by six denominations of the Christian church: Catholic, Armenian, Syrian, Greek Orthodox, Coptic and Ethiopian. There is quite a funny fact that the keys of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre are kept at two Muslim families because of the constant conflicts among Christian churches. There are also several fully functioning monasteries with ancillary facilities, various galleries and minor buildings. They are located on the territory of the church.
While in Jerusalem, do not miss this unique opportunity to visit the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, where you can see the stone of Unction, where Jesus lay, with your own eyes, as well as the very tomb of Christ and the Chapel. They were established in honor of Queen Elena, who found the cross on which the Son of God was crucified.
The Dead Sea and Masada
We should admit that this is not the sea, but the lake, consisting of basins, whose total length is 72 km and the width is 14 km. This sea is called "Dead", but in fact it is not. Of course, fish and other animals cannot live in the Dead Sea. Yet it is filled with a variety of salt-loving bacteria. The salt concentration in the Dead Sea reaches 35%. This fact attracts so much attention to it. This lake is not comfortable for swimming, but rather for sitting in it and enjoying the surrounding salty air.
An incredibly beautiful beach gives a special charm to the Dead Sea. There are graceful rocks, majestic mountains, which are especially beautiful at sunset, unique and stunning pillar of salt. All this creates an amazing picturesque scene.
Masada fortress is worthwhile paying a particular attention. It is located on a huge rock. It proudly and majestically hangs over the Dead Sea. This citadel was built in 142 BC, surrounded by steep and dangerous cliffs. This place is more remarkable by the fact that during excavations the ruins of houses, defensive walls, various palaces, including the Herod`s Palace, called the palace of pleasure, were discovered here.
Jerusalem is the capital of the state of Israel, the oldest city between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea (according to archaeological discoveries, people began settling here almost 6000 years ago). In Jerusalem there are permanent residents of about 830 thousand citizens (most - Jews, about a third - the Arabs).
Where to go, what to see in Jerusalem?
We must begin with the historical center (Old Town), because there is a large part of the architectural monuments, museums, memorials and sacred places.
The first is to go up to the Temple Mount, where once Abraham out of love for the Lord was about to sacrifice his son, and later held the trial of Christ. Today, there are two iconic religious buildings, Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock. From the Temple Mount Via Dolorosa starts. It is Way of Sorrow, the way to Calvary. This route can pass anyone trying to understand the flour Savior.
Choosing what to see in Jerusalem, we cannot ignore Pancake Mountain. It is the highest point of the city, from which you can see all the sights. In addition, it is here, according to tradition, the Last Judgment Day will take place. Believers may kneel before the tomb of the Virgin Mary and visit the cave where the prophets are buried.
It is impossible not to visit the Holy Sepulchre. In fact, according to representatives of different faiths, the mortal remains of Christ lie here. However, Protestants believe that Christ is the resting place of the Garden Tomb, that's called the Temple of Jerusalem in one of the monasteries.
What you can see in Jerusalem after the bow to the shrine has brought? Of course, they are historical monuments. This is the city of David, built on stone terraces, which still adorns the dilapidated Citadel. Now it has a rich collection of antiquities. History buffs will delight Israel Museum, where you can explore art and culture of the Jewish people.
The greatest tragedy of the country is the Holocaust. The memory complex Yad Vashem is dedicated to the Holocaust. It consists of a group of museums, exhibition centers and memorials. You should finish your walk along the old town at the Wailing Wall. It was once erected by King Herod. The Wall embodies the link between the past and the present, but also has the ability to fulfill any desire.