Cathedral of Santa Eulalia
Cathedral of Santa Eulalia is the main cathedral of Barcelona and, as a result, the residence of the archbishop. Constructing of the building (the purest example of Gothic architecture) was began in the last years of the XIII century, but was finished only in the middle of the XV century.
Exterior of the Cathedral is decorated with a variety of images of saints' lives, and the facade is decorated with an unmatched lace carving. There are gargoyles and a variety of other animals located on the roof, including the mythical, and those that you can meet in the interior of the territory that belongs to the Cathedral.
Inside the building you can also find lots of great frescoes, carvings and works of art placed at the altar. Each of them deserves your special exclusive attention.
Cathedral of Santa Eulalia is dedicated to one of patronesses of Barcelona - a young girl who was martyred. One legend says that Eulalia was naked in a crowded square, and a wonderful snow that went in the midst of spring, covered her nakedness.
There is a fee for entrance to the Cathedral, but this fee will seem very small when you can see with your own eyes all the beauty of the cathedral.
Las Ramblas street can be called the soul of Barcelona. The length of this pedestrian street is about 1.2 km. It is located along a large number of green spaces, which adds special amenities for walking people. Lorca expressed the wish that the street never ended, and Maugham thought it’s the most beautiful in the world.
The street is located in the center of Barcelona, on the border with the Raval and the Gothic Quarter. The structure of Las Ramblas consists of five different, changing one by other avenues: Rambla de Canaletes, Rambla dels Estudis, Rambla de Sant Josep, Rambla dels Caputxins and Rambla de Santa Mònica.
Las Ramblas stretches up to the old port of the Catalan Square. After the construction of a shopping center Maremagnum in the port located right on the water, curved wooden pier leading to it, was also added to the Las Rambla and named Rambla de Mar.
Las Ramblas is a very cozy street with unique buildings, beautiful trees, live music and small cafes that at all times has attracted a lot of tourists.
The Museum Picasso in Barcelona is one of the most visited places. Every year, this art gallery is visited by a total of more than a million visitors.
The Museum's collection includes early work of the great Spanish painter, graphic artist, sculptor, ceramist and designer, the brightest representative of the cubism - Pablo Picasso, which was created in the period from 1895 to 1904. But there also are more recent creations, for example, a series of works titled "Las Meninas" based upon the beautiful works of Velazquez, creation of which is dated back to 1954 year.
Exhibition of Picasso’ works in the museum is compiled in chronological order, which allows visitors to personally keep track of how over time thinking and creative vision of the artist transformed, and understand how Pablo Picasso developed his unique style, thanks to which the number of fans of his work over the years keeps growing.
It was possible to create the Museum thanks to a generous gift from a friend and secretary of Picasso named Jaime Sabartes which he presented to the capital of Catalonia. For visitors Museu Picasso was opened in 1963.
Palace of Catalan Music
Palau de la Musica Catalana, located in the Born distinct, is another symbol of the Catalan capital, created in a Modernist style. The author of the project of the Palace of Catalan Music was a famous Spanish architect Luis Domenech Montaner.
Opening of the Theater took place in1908, at end of the winter. Palace of Catalan Music is perhaps the only one hall with natural light in Europe. As in other buildings of Barcelona, made in the Modernist style, in the contours of Palace of Catalan Music predominate curves and curved contours over the straight lines.
The building's facade organically combines several styles, from traditional Spanish to exotic Arabic. In addition, there you will be able to enjoy the look of figures of many brilliant composers such as Richard Wagner, Ludwig van Beethoven, Johann Sebastian Bach and others.
However, the main feature of the Palace is its concert hall, the ceiling of which is presented in the form of a glass dome, made of colored mosaic, thanks to which during the day hall is lighted by natural light.
Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia (one of the regions of Spain). Being a port on the Mediterranean, Barcelona is crucial in terms of trade. This city is the second largest in Spain. It is also a major industrial and tourist center of the country.
Barcelona population exceeds 1.6 million people. The official language, spoken by the locals, is Catalan and Spanish. The city has an international airport, which is connected to the railroad tracks and highways.
Where to go, what to see in Barcelona?
In Barcelona, there are many sights related to the historical past and present of the city. They are located mostly in three areas: the old city Ciutat Vella, Eixample and Sants-Montjuïc.
What can you see in Barcelona? Definitely, it is the Old Town, which is also known as the Gothic Quarter. It is the heart of the historical Catalonia. Most of the buildings located here were built in the 14th and 15th centuries. In the old town there is also the Cathedral Saint Eulalia.
From the Gothic Quarter you can easily go to Plaça Catalunya or La Rambla Street. But before you go there, it is necessary to look at the chapel of St. Lucia, the Palace of the Catalan government and the House of the Canons, walk along the Piazza San Jaume... The Gothic Quarter is full of squares, churches, historic buildings. Therefore, it is better to walk slowly here.
What to see in Barcelona's Eixample district? Of course, the amazing Sagrada Familia, remarkable Palace of Catalan Music, and many of the original buildings designed by renowned architects, including Antoni Gaudí. Many of the buildings appeared here in the 19-20 centuries, including Casa Mila, Casa Batlló, Casa Calvet, and Park Guell.
Finally, Sants-Montjuïc is known, above all, the fact that there is a fortress of Montjuic, built in the 17th century. There is also a botanical garden and Cactus Park, the National Art Museum of Catalonia, the Olympic Village. The whole area is located on a hill, so it offers a magnificent view of Barcelona and the sea.
But if you are in town for a couple days only, then another question arises: what to see in Barcelona first of all? Perhaps, in the list of "must" sights should be Sagrada Familia, Picasso Museum, Las Ramblas, the Cathedral and the castle of Montjuic.