Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial
In Washington, there are a lot of monuments and memorials dedicated to the great men of America. One of the most outstanding monuments is the Franklin Delano Roosevelt. It is the only president in the history of the United States, which led the country for four terms.
The idea to perpetuate the memory of the 32nd President appeared more than 50 years ago, but the memorial was officially opened in 1997 by Bill Clinton.
The construction of the complex was carried out, despite the years of the Great Depression and lack of money. On this basis, one could argue that American attitude to the attractions in the status of "National" is quite serious. The memorial was erected and designed by the renowned landscape architect and designer Laurence Halprin. The idea was simply brilliant. He wished to display each period of the Roosevelt Presidential term with kind of space filled with staircases, granite walls, niches, statues, greenery and waterfalls. Every object, structure or monument has its own individual meaning.
The entire memorial complex forms a four actions performance with real prologue, epilogue and the main characters. They are the 32nd President of the US, and the history of the USA.
National Gallery of Art
Washington has one of the richest galleries, which has a unique collection of various works of art from around the world: the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. This is one of the few places in North America where you can observe a diverse collection.
Art Gallery was opened in 1937 on the basis of the largest private collections and investments by Samuel Henry Kress, Andrew Mellon, Lessing J. Rosenwald and Joseph E. Widener, who gave the gallery more than two thousand paintings, sculptures, porcelain and various items of decorative art.
The gallery consists of two buildings – the East and West, which are connected by quite a spacious underground channel. The Eastern structure resembles two connected prism and the Western one is like the Pantheon and performed in the style of neoclassicism. This building is adjacent to sculpture garden area of about 25,000 square meters.
Presently, the gallery houses more than 1,200 paintings of famous talented artists, a huge variety of sculptures from the Middle Ages and the 19th century, and many other works of art.
National Cherry Blossom Festival
Cherry Blossom Festival is probably the most beautiful, delicate and fragrant event in the United States. Tourists from all over the world come to see the beautiful blooming of these trees. In 1935, the first festival was organized in Washington. Since that time, it has become an annual event.
The city owes so beautiful phenomenon to Mayor of Tokyo Yukio Ozaki. In a sign of friendship he presented a gift 3,000 cherry seedlings. They have been encouraging with their flowering inhabitants of the country and foreign guests for more than a hundred years. Since those times this place has become a real national landmark, which marks the coming of spring in the city every year.
During the five weeks of the festival, you can enjoy the beauty of the flower garden and visit a variety of interesting events dedicated to contemporary and traditional art: concerts, dancing and sports.
By the way, it is very interesting that during the conflict between the United States and Japan threes were cut down, but soon the US authorities realized the absurdity of the situation. After the armistice, Japan has endowed the city with of 3800 new seedlings.
In Washington, there is an interesting museum dedicated to the news, the main purpose of which is detailed demonstration of the process of creating news and media work. The basic ideas of the founders of the museum are embodied in the architecture and design of the building - the main facade is made of glass, it allows passersby to see everything that's going on, and at the entrance to the museum there is a marble slab height of 22.5 meters, which bears the text of the First Amendment to the constitution of the USA.
The exposition of the Newseum covers an area of twenty-three thousand square meters and tells everyone about the history of the information industry, which has been developing over five centuries. The building consists of seven floors. There are many theaters, shops, customer service, and 14 galleries dedicated to the history of journalism.
An interactive newsroom of famous TV Company is very popular among visitors. Every visitor can try himself as a correspondent for the live broadcast. The exhibition of the museum, where all comers are allowed to try on the role of a reporter through fun computer game that resembles as closely as possible the actual conditions is also of the great interest.
Washington Newseum is a place where everyone will always find something interesting and informative.
National Museum of Natural History
The National Museum of Natural History is located in the capital of the United States, on the main avenue of Washington and is included in the complex of the Smithsonian Institution. The museum's collection began to be gathered in 1846 simultaneously with the establishment of the institute and the official opening that took place in March 1910.
In the collections of the National Museum there are over 126.5 million different artifacts. The most famous of them are a grand model of the African elephant and an amazing whale skeleton of an ancient Basilosaurus.
From the moment of its appearance at the Museum (1959) an elephant became a real symbol and the largest land mammal of the exhibits and artifacts in the world. Skin elephant, weighing up to two tons, was donated to the institute by Joseph Fenikovi. He hunted it in Angola in 1955.
The skeleton of the ancient huge whale Basilosaurus was exhibited in the museum in the late 19th century. This is a unique instance of the most accurate of the skeletons of such incredible creatures.
There also magnificent collection of gems, minerals, insects, plants, fish, and even photos.
Library of Congress
There are a few cities in the world that could "boast" such a rich library as Washington. The Library of Congress is designed for employees of scientific research sphere, government organizations and institutions, as well as for schools. The pride of the library is not only a unique, rich collection of books, but also the amazing beauty of both the building and the interior. We can say that it is a work of art.
The library was founded in 1800. It took 5000 dollars to build it. In those days it was considered to be a huge sum. The money was spent on the purchase of more than 700 books, which were mainly intended for members of Congress.
During its existence, the library has experienced several accidents: during the Anglo-American War, because of the great destruction and fires very rare and valuable books were lost. In 1851, another strong fire damaged a large collection of unique books. The following years were spent on the restoration of the collection.
Nowadays, the Library of Congress is not only the largest and the most beautiful in the world, but also a unique in the number of valuable collections. In total there is 30 million books stored here, 5,500 of them are ancient artifacts.
National Zoological Park
The National Zoo is located in Washington is the US. It is a part of the Smithsonian Institution. Its formation began in 1887 with the purpose of preservation of endangered fauna of the continent. It all started with a small plot of land, home to several species of bison and other animals. Nowadays, the Zoo covers an area of 66 hectares and contains more than 3,600 different species, a third of these species are on the verge of extinction. The main feature of this zoo is that living conditions of fauna here are as realistic as possible.
You can watch the buffalo, zebras, elephants, cheetahs, giraffes, sloths, tigers, various species of birds at this Zoo. In a separate room there is a large aquarium with sea anemones, crabs, octopuses, and cuttlefish. There are also spiders, centipedes and beautiful butterflies.
In addition, zoologists at the National Zoo are engaged in cultivation and breeding of red wolves, golden lion tamarins and Blackfoot ferret. All this is very important to maintain the USA fauna balance.
Union Station is the train station, which is located in the heart of Washington, near the Capitol. The station was built in 1911. Since that time, it has been considered the most beautiful and well-maintained in America and beyond. In general it can be called a work of art.
In 1984, the last passenger train departed from the Union Station. The total drop of rail traffic was due to the growth of the automotive industry. Somewhat later, in 1988, the station building was restored and renovated.
Presently, the Union Station is the real pride of Washington. The station building combines elegance, space efficiency and excellent architectural design. A feature of the station is the dome, which height is 90 meters. In addition to the dome, the station has Rotonda, magnificent chandelier and a unique collection of glass decorative items.
Union Station is a place that every tourist should visit. It has an incredible atmosphere, amazing architecture and superb interior design.
Washington is the US capital, a city that is not included in any US state, but Georgetown and neighboring regions officially named the District of Columbia. In Washington itself over 600 thousand people live, but the population of the District of Columbia, reaches 5.5 million.
Washington appeared in 1791 in the north of the Potomac River, receiving the name of the first president of the United States. This is the main administrative center of the country.
Where to go, what to see in Washington?
Washington is an incredibly festive city. There are a record number of monuments and obelisks. When deciding what to see in Washington, you should start at the center - or rather, from the National Mall.
Here is the Washington Monument, made in the spirit of the Egyptian obelisk. This giant stele height of 169 meters is reflected in the reflecting pool, the surface of which is never a ripple. Take the lift to the observation deck; you can see the whole city from a bird's flight.
Surrounded by the main monuments of the capital, there are other equally iconic sights of Washington: the Lincoln, Roosevelt and Jefferson Memorial. About military events remind a monumental complex dedicated to the heroes of the Second World War, a monument to veterans of Vietnam and the memorial to the fallen in Korea.
What do you need to see in Washington in the first place? Probably it is still the famous White House and the Capitol, where there are the Supreme Court, the US Congress and the Library of Congress. It is the repository of tens of millions of books. In addition, walking on the National Mall, you cannot escape some of the largest museums belonging to the Smithsonian Institution - Postal Museum, Portrait Gallery and the Museum of American Art.
Do not forget that in Washington there are dozens of private and public museums dedicated to "narrow" themes: women's art, history of espionage, the Holocaust, natural history, space exploration, centuries-old industry news and much more.
For tourists with children there is also a list of what to see in Washington. For example, it is the National Zoo. It contains thousands of rare animals, many of which cannot be seen in nature.
You can finish the walk in the unique Washington Cathedral built in the Gothic style, which does not belong to any religion. It opens its doors to all believers.